ORIGIN : France.
DATE OF PUBLICATION
OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 28.04.1995.
UTILIZATION : Companion, watch dog, pleasure
CLASSIFICATION FCI : Group 9 Companions and
Section 11 Small Molossian Dogs
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Probably issued,
like all the mastiffs, from the Epirus and the Roman Empire molosses,
relative of the Bulldog of Great Britain, the Alans (tribe of the Middle
Age), the mastiffs and small type mastiffs of France, the bulldog we
know is the product of different crossings done by enthusiastic breeders
in the popular quarters of Paris in the years 1880.
During that period, the Bulldog being a dog belonging to butchers and
porters of "les Halles" (market place) - he soon knew how to conquer the
high society and the artistic world by his particular appearance and
character. He then rapidly propagated himself.
The first breed club was founded in 1880 in Paris. The first
registration dates from 1885 and the first standard was established in
1898 - year in which the "Société Centrale Canine" of France recognized
the breed of the French Bulldog. The first shown dog was from 1887. The
standard, modified in 1931, 1932 and 1948, was reformulated in 1986 by
H.F. REANT and R. TRIQUET (F.C.I. publication 1987), then in 1994 by the
committee of the Club of the French Bulldog with the collaboration of R.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Typically a small size
molossian. Powerful dog for its small size, short, compact in all its
proportions, smooth coated, short face, snub nose, erect ears, tail
naturally short. Must have the appearance of an active animal,
intelligent, very muscular, of a compact build with a solid bone
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER : Sociable,lively,
playful, sporty, keen. Particularly affectionate towards his masters and
HEAD : The head must be very strong, broad and
square, the skin of the head forming almost symmetrical wrinkles. The
head of the bulldog is characterized by a contraction of the
maxillary-nasal part; the skull has taken up in width that which it has
lost in length.
SKULL REGION :
Skull : Broad, almost flat, forehead very bulging. Superciliary
arches prominent, separated by a particularly developed furrow between
the eyes. The furrow must not extend onto the forehead. Occipital crest
is hardly developed.
Stop : Deeply accentuated.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Broad, very short, turned up, nostrils well open and
symmetrical, slanting towards the rear. The inclination of the nostrils
as well as the snub nose (i.e. upturned) must, however, allow a normal
Muzzle : Very short, broad with concentric symmetrical folds, coming
down on the upper lips (length of muzzle about 1/6 of the total length
of the head).
Jaws : Broad, square, powerful. Lower jaw shows a broad curve,
terminating in front of the upper jaw. The mouth being closed, the
prominence of the lower jaw (prognathism-undershot) is moderated by the
curve of the lower jaw bone branches. This curve is necessary to avoid a
too important shifting of the lower jaw.
Teeth : The lower incisors must never be behind the upper incisors
in any case. The arch of the lower incisors is rounded. The jaws must
not show lateral deviation, nor torsion.
The disposition of the incisoral arches should not be strictly delimited,
the essential condition being that the upper and the lower lips rejoin
to completely cover the teeth.
Lips : Thick, a little loose and black. The upper lip rejoins the
lower lip at its middle, completely covering the teeth which should
never be visible. The profile of the upper lip is descending and rounded.
Tongue must never show.
Cheeks : The muscles of the cheeks are well developed, but not
Eyes : Lively expression, set low, quite far from the nose and
especially from the ears, dark coloured, quite big, well round, slightly
protruding, showing no trace of white (sclera) when the dog is looking
straight ahead. Rims of eyelids must be black.
Ears : Medium size, wide at the base and rounded at the top. Set
high on the head, but not too close together, carried erect. The orifice
is open towards the front. The skin must be fine and soft to the touch.
NECK : Short, slightly arched, without dewlap.
BODY (trunk) :
Topline : Rising progressively at loin level to slope rapidly
towards the tail. This conformation which must be sought after, is the
consequence of the short loin.
Back : Broad and muscular.
Loin : Short and broad.
Rump : Oblique.
Chest (brisket) : Cylindrical and well let down, ribcage barrel
Breast : Wide.
Belly and flanks : Drawn up without excessive tuck up.
TAIL : Short, set low on the rump, close to the
buttocks, thick at the base, knotted or kinked naturally and tapering at
the tip. Even in action, must stay below the horizontal. A relatively
long tail (not reaching beyond the point of the hocks) kinked an
tapering is admissible, but not desirable.
FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs vertical and parallel
seen in profile and from the front, standing well separated.
Shoulder and upper arm : Short, thick, with a firm and visible
musculature. The upper arm must be short, the elbow close to the body.
Forearm : Short, straight and muscular.
Pastern joint - Pastern : Solid and short.
Feet : Round of small dimension, i.e. "cat feet", well set on the
ground, turning slightly outward. The toes are compact, nails short,
thick and well separated. The pads are hard, thick and black. In the
brindle subjects, the nails must be black. In the pieds (caille =
brindled fawns with medium white patching) and fawn subjects, dark nails
are preferred, without however penalising the light coloured nails.
HINDQUARTERS : Strong and muscular, hindlegs a
little longer than the forelegs, thus raising the hindquarters. The legs
are vertical and parallel as seen both in profile and from behind.
Thigh : Muscled, firm without being too rounded.
Hockjoint : Quite well let down, neither too angulated nor certainly
Hock : Solid and short. The French Bulldog should be born without
Feet : Well compact.
MOVEMENT : Free movement, the legs moving
parallel to the median plane of the body.
COAT (hair) : Beautiful smooth coat, close,
glossy and soft.
- Uniformly fawn, brindled or not , or with limited patching (pied).
- Brindled fawn or not, with medium or large patching.
All the fawn shades are admitted, from the red to light brown (café au
lait) colour. The entirely white dogs are classified in "brindled fawn
with large white patching". When a dog has a very dark nose, dark eyes
with dark eyelids, certain depigmentations of the face may exceptionally
be tolerated in very beautiful subjects.
SIZE & WEIGHT : The weight must not be below 8
kg nor over 14 kg for a bulldog in good condition, size being in
proportion with the weight.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing
points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
- Nose tightly closed or pinched and chronic snorers.
- Lips not joining in the front.
- Light eyes.
- Loose elbows.
- Straight hock or placed forward.
- Tail carried high, or too long or abnormally short.
- Speckled coat.
- Coat (hair) too long.
- Depigmentation of the lips.
- Incorrect movement.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
- Incisors visible when mouth closed.
- Tongue visible when mouth closed.
- Stiff beating movement of the forelegs.
- Pink spots on the face, except in the case of brindled fawns with
medium white patching (pieds) and fawns with limited or large white
- Excessive or insufficient weight.
- Eyes of two different colours (heterochromatic).
- Colour of nose other than black.
- Hare lip.
- Dogs with lower incisors articulating behind upper incisors.
- Dog with permanently visible canines, mouth being closed.
- Ears not carried erect.
- Mutilation of ears, tail or dewclaws.
- Dewclaws on hindquarters.
- Colour of coat black and tan, mouse grey, brown.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.